In the long history of the Mediterranean, growing wine is an unquestionable cultural feature.
The grape vine is a sturdy plant with the capacity to adapt itself to many different soils and could therefore be found across the lands when communities embraced agriculture as a way of living. In the wild, many farmers were seduced first by its fruits, then by the godly nectars they provided.
In the ancient world, particularly in the empire born around the Tiber banks, vineyards and wine became civilization brands and the subject of an intense trade carrying the now indispensible drink to the farthest corners of its frontiers and beyond.
In those bygone ages, the scarcity of proper, drinkable water helped to promote wine consumption. Although its palate was not yet the quality we cherish nowadays, it still had the prophylactic virtues of alcohol.
In Portugal, due to many historical, vineyards were only firmly stabilized for production from the mediaeval Christian era onwards.
The tradition is culturally attached to some areas such as the lands around the monks' town (vila de frades). Meanwhile, in the surroundings of Saint Cucufate monastery, talha wine enjoyed a resurgence throughout the 19th century. This popularity was nourished by local population growth which also helped to turn some producers into taverners. Many cellars opened their doors to customers, becoming places for trade and daily gatherings.